For many travellers Machu Picchu is the main reason for visiting Peru. In terms of the most important archaeological sites in the world, Peru is one of the main destinations. Machu Picchu is part of the UNESCO World Heritage since 1983 and in 2007 it was declared one of the Seven Marvels of the Word.
Machu Picchu is an archaeological complex built during the Inca Empire. The purpose of this citadel is unknown although the most credible assumption is that it was a ceremonial centre built at the time of the Inca Pachacutec.
What are the reasons to visit the Machu Picchu archaeological complex?
- Machu Picchu is an architectural structure built in perfect harmony with the environment. A human construction in tune with nature. To date, Machu Picchu offers an incredible range of well-preserved buildings: palaces, squares, temples, waterways and impressive agricultural terraces. It is situated on top of a mountain surrounded by other majestic peaks. At its feet lies the jungle with a huge variety of flora and fauna. Finally, the Urubamba River, with its rushing water, flows in the valley below.
- The Machu Picchu citadel was built using advanced architectural techniques. To give you an idea of their skills, not even the blade of a knife can be inserted between two stones.
- The magic of Machu Picchu is also due to its position at the centre of numerous trails and from an astronomical standpoint it was conceived to worship Inti, the Sun God.
- Finally, Machu Picchu was one of the very few archaeological sites not discovered by the Spanish invaders and is therefore a virtually intact testament of the Inca world and their architecture. In 1911 the Machu Picchu mystery was revealed to the world by an American explorer, Hiran Bingham.